Triangles and their properties
We show different properties of triangles.
Height of a triangle
The height is the line going from one point of the triangle to the opposite side such that the line and the side are perpendicular. The height of a is the line from the side a to the point A which is opposite of it. The heights of a triangle all meet in one point.
In some cases the meeting point of the heights will be outside of the triangle and the sides will have to be extended to find the point where the height intersects the side with a right angle.
Area of a triangle
A right triangle can be duplicated and mirrored to get a rectangle.
The area of the rectangle is and because it is twice as big as the triangle, we only need to divide it by 2 to find the area of the triangle: .
If the triangle is not a right triangle, we can use its height to divide it into two right triangles. This makes calculating the area easy for us because we already know how to calculate it of a right triangle.
In this case, we use the height on side c. Let us call the left side of c to the left of the height and the right side . We can calculate the area as follows:
In this example we used side c. In general we can use any side and the side that we choose is called the base side b. So in general we calculate the area with the base side b and height h as follows:
Angle bisectors of triangles
The ange bisector is the line that divides an angle equally. The intersection point of all angle bisectors is always inside the triangle and is called in incenter.